Then ask him about this: Is it the whole world that’s going to disappear or just the Jewish and Christian bits? Religion and Science have been and will always be on opposite sides as long as One reject the fact that Science cannot nor will ever know everything! Faith is the Belief in things unseen. How or why would anyone expect agree that one could or will agree with another The facts and evidence of God Word can be found within the Archeological Science , Biological Science. Science Methodology is oppose to all faith base Beliefs in general. IMO Zanjan As long as you continue to try to conjoin the two ‘you will remain Blinded to the truth, Of all that God Word has to offer too you and all those you teach and preach too.
OTZI, THE ICEMAN
For instance, the Vatican Secret Archives was started in the 17th century AD and contains state papers, papal account books, and papal correspondence dating back to the 8th century. Most archives that are still in existence do not claim collections that date back quite as far as the Vatican Archive. The Archives Nationales in France was founded in during the French Revolution and has holdings that date back to AD , and other European archives have a similar provenance.
Archives in the modern world, while of more recent date, may also hold material going back several centuries, for example the United States National Archives and Records Administration was established originally in The British National Archives TNA traces its history to the creation of the Public Record Office in , while other state and national bodies were also formed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
The Iceman is the name of a 5,year-old human body discovered in the Swiss/Italian Alps. Learn more about this intriguing archeological discovery. Otzi the Iceman, also called Similaun Man, Hauslabjoch Man or even Frozen Fritz, was discovered in , eroding out of a glacier in the Italian Alps near the border between Italy and Austria.
Red horse head, below and to the left of the yellow horse heads. These horse heads and signs are in a small alcove, above a flat floor. Just a few lines have been used to outline more clearly the shape of a small mammoth, about 20 cm wide, taken up by the flowstone or stalagmite cascade at the entrance to the Brunel Chamber. I have highlighted the shape in the right hand photograph. The zone is heavily covered with calcite. It is not possible to determine whether the front of this animal existed at one time.
Length ca 40 cm. I had noticed in several images that the artist s used natural irregularities in the surfaces to emphasize a three-dimensional appearance. I wonder if some of the odd placements of the figures is because the artist saw something to add to the realism of his picture. So when I saw the ‘headless’ ibex, I immediately thought that the other side of the crevice suggested the head. Then I saw that the crevice itself forms the line of the shoulder completed by a short line of red and the front legs where it splits into an inverted Y.
One leg is fairly straight and is paralleled by the drawn hind leg. The other front leg is raised and curled in a prancing mid-step, complete with cloven hoof small inverted V. Just below the raised leg I think I see faint red ochre smudging that has washed down and away.
How Carbon-14 Dating Works
Site of Mass Cannibal Attack Source: Dating back to about 51, years ago, the skeletons belonged to a family of 3 children, 3 teenagers, and 6 adults. Modern forensic techniques also revealed that the family was killed and eaten by another Neanderthal gang.
Carbon then moves up the various food chains to enter animal tissue—again, in about the same ratio carbon has with carbon in the atmosphere. When a living thing dies, its radiocarbon loss (decay) is no longer balanced by intake, so its radiocarbon steadily decreases with a half-life of 5, years.
August 20, , Macquarie University Australian nuclear scientists are helping an international team of archaeologists and historians to unravel a mystery about a collection of Egyptian mummies prone to cross dressing and lying about their gender and their age. Her investigations are revealing some surprising results that include: Research and carbon dating published in revealed the mummy NM R It is this latter gender-bending mummy, NM R This plaster was painted red and green in imitation of the god Osiris.
This could be an early example of this technique used by non-royal individuals. Radiocarbon dating is a process where the amount of Carbon C in organic material is used as a measuring stick for its age. C is in the atmosphere and becomes part of an organism as it grows. Once the organism dies the C begins to decay away at a constant rate, so the older the material is the less C it will have.
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Share 50 shares Remains of 14 of these dolphins, from three different species, were discovered on a prehistoric scrap heap, or midden on the island. At least eight per cent of the mammal bones and teeth found at the site were from these marine creatures. Humans have killed 2. The figure is believed to be the first global estimate of the number of whales killed by industrial harvesting from 20th century hunting.
Otzi, also called Otzi the Iceman, is a well-preserved natural mummy of a man. He is Europe’s oldest known natural human mummy, and has offered an unprecedented view of Chalcolithic Europeans. He is Europe’s oldest known natural human mummy, and has offered an .
Over the last 40 years, there has been a discernible increase in the number of scholars who have focused their research on early industrial organizations, a field of study that has come to be known as Archaeotechnology. Archaeologists have conducted fieldwork geared to the study of ancient technologies in a cultural context and have drawn on the laboratory analyses developed by materials scientists as one portion of their interpretive program.
Corroded iron from the Java Sea Wreck. Chinese Warring States arrowhead dating to about — B. A wrought-iron Roman cleaver. Large spear from Burkino Faso, Africa. Paperweight made by reworking iron from the Himeji Castle in Japan. In this article, an overview is presented of the status of the radiocarbon dating of iron-based materials. Recent advances include simplification in sample preparation and reduction in sample size for accelerator mass spectrometry measurements, and the potential use of rust as a viable source of material for radiocarbon dating.
Additionally, a summary is presented of all 63 previously published results for iron-based materials and 29 new results that have not been published previously.
10 Surprising Ways We’re Exactly Like Our Ancestors
He is the best-preserved prehistoric man ever discovered with his own equipment and clothing. Most ancient human remains are found in burial chambers with carefully selected objected rather than what they use in everyday life. He is oldest intact human ever found. With the exception of missing toenails, all but one fingernail and an outer layer of skin the Iceman is otherwise perfectly reserved. His body and the tools and clothes found with him have given great insight into a people and age of which little is known in details never preciously imagined.
After Otzi was discovered the world became caught up in Iceman ania.
4 14C dating of various materials from the Ötzi finding place There exist strong evidence that early in the Holocene (which covers the last 10, years since the end of the last ice age) there were periods considerably warmer than today.
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History of the modern scientific method
History and Process Jessica Berti Radiocarbon dating is one of the most significant scientific discoveries of the twentieth century. With radiocarbon dating archeologists and other scientists no longer rely solely on relative ages and can spend time researching how and why things happened rather than when. Radiocarbon dating was developed in the late ‘s by a team of scientists at the University of Chicago who were lead by Professor Willard F.
Jan 30, · If we mapped otzi’s tats we also likely took minute samples of them and scanned them to see what pigments were used.. Ken Baker but nice job at thread necromancy.
Share Shares The history books were written by the learned and educated men of their time. And as it turns out, the ancients did exactly the same thing. Well it turns out that kid is part of a cultural tradition 35, years in the making. When art historians and anthropologists began taking a closer look at prehistoric cave paintings, they noticed something strange. Many of the paintings were what they expected, scenes presumably done by adult tribal shaman-artists.
There were plenty of disembodied, exaggerated body parts and anatomically incorrect naked women, as well as excessively gory hunting scenes. Based on an examination of the hand and finger proportions found in the less-than-professional paintings, researchers discovered that the vast majority of cave art studied—about 80 percent—had been done by teenage boys.
Teenage boys who were obviously preoccupied with two topics—hunting and sex. Preserved graffiti from Pompeii records the type of information that people thought important enough to broadcast to the world.
Iceman Murder Mystery
About Iceman Murder Mystery A new forensic investigation of a 5, year-old mummy reconstructs his death and reveals an ancient way of life. He’s been dead for more than 5, years and poked, prodded, and probed by scientists for the last What did they eat?
The reason science keeps going forward and discovering more is because the methods used prevent the scientific community being ‘led down the garden path’. No bogus theories can get through. No theories can get through that will never be resolved by science.
Nicknamed “Otzi”, the estimated year-old man and his possessions were incredibly well preserved. His skin, hair, bones, and organs were cryopreserved in time, allowing archeological researchers a phenomenal insight into human life in the Copper Age. The frozen corpse also gave modern science the opportunity to forensically investigate and positively determine how Otzi the Iceman was killed. The story began on a sunny September day, when two hikers were traversing a mountain pass at the meter 10, foot level and saw a brown, leathery shape protruding from the ice amidst running melt-water.
Examining closely, they found a human body which they thought might be the victim of a past mountaineering accident. The hikers reported it to Austrian police who attended the following day and quickly realized they were dealing with an ancient archeological site. A scientific team was assembled and, over a three-day period, the remains were extracted and taken to the Institute of Forensic Medicine in Innsbruck.
Saturday, 24 March How was the Iceman Killed? Many theories have been suggested over time but have always been proven inaccurate by a newly further developed theory. With each discovery opening up new clues and information, scientists embark on an arduous journey to seek the cause of death of Otzi, the Iceman. With the copper axe placed carefully against a rock, archaeologist Konrad Spindler suggested that it was most probably put there by Otzi himself and everything was in its original place.
Uses of Radiocarbon Dating Climate science required the invention and mastery of many difficult techniques. These had pitfalls, which could lead to controversy. An example of the ingenious technical work and hard-fought debates underlying the main story is the use of radioactive carbon to assign dates to the distant past.
Download powerpoint Figure 5 Bootstrapped neighbor-joining 12S rDNA tree of the Pecora infraorder inclusive of the animal consensus K and L sequences from the Iceman’s ileum and colon, respectively. The tree is based on the Bovidae C. The outgroup is represented by Okapia johnstoni Giraffoidea. We can now compare Table 2 the results of our DNA analysis with those of previous ones performed by using light and electron microscopy 3 , 4. The most likely explanation is that pinus and fern sequences reflect the presence of background pollen and spores in the intestines.
This conclusion is supported by the lack of pinus and fern sequences in the rbcL libraries. One may wonder how pollen sequences are obtained, as the pollen coat offers a strong obstacle to DNA extraction. We can only observe that conifer 18S rDNA sequences have also been reported in a previous study on fossil ice cores from northern Greenland The most plausible interpretation of this result is that the DNA comes from ice-trapped pollen. It seems therefore that a prolonged period at low temperature, and possibly the effect of the pressure, may loosen the resistance of the pollen coat, thus making it possible for DNA to be extracted.
View popup Table 2 Comparison of the results of DNA and microscopic analyses of plant and animal remains in the Iceman’s intestines The vegetation in the Alps correlates closely with climatic variations. After the end of the last Glacial period, the altitudinal zonation of the forests became progressively established: With regard to the ferns, these plants grow in moist habitats of the Alps in a wide range of low and intermediate altitudes.